Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

MOUNTAIN BIKE COLLECTION

ROAD BIKE COLLECTION

Kurt Stockton’s 1995 Kamikazi Rubicon

THE STORY

"World Cup-style downhill mountain bike racing today is an awe inspiring display on courses that are both very fast but also extremely demanding technically. The early days of the sport, however, more closely resembled downhill ski racing with one major goal: outright speed. And no event epitomized that period better than the Kamikaze at Mammoth Mountain, California.

The Kamikaze course is at its heart little more than a fire road that provides maintenance access to the mountain's various features. Compared with modern World Cup courses, that thoroughfare was wide open and comparatively free of significant obstacles, which made for some staggering speeds. Top riders regularly crested 100km/h (62mph) – and as you would imagine, crashes at those speeds were less than pleasant.

Much as the discipline of downhill racing was in its infancy at that time, so, too, was the equipment that the racers used to hurtle themselves toward the bottom of the mountain.

Kurt Stockton was a US-based pro in the mid-90s racing for Kestrel – then one of just a handful of companies offering carbon composite frames. While Kestrel may have been considered to be ahead of the curve in many ways at the time, the Rubicon Comp chassis that Stockton used was a far cry from the highly evolved, purpose-built downhill rigs of today.

Kestrel designed the Rubicon Comp as a cross country bike, complete with about four inches of front suspension travel and nearly five out back courtesy of a modified high single pivot layout. A link connected the swingarm with the articulated top tube so that when the rear wheel went up, the saddle went down.

The angles were steep, the wheelbase was short, there was no provision for any sort of chain retention, and speed control came courtesy of two pairs of rubber blocks that were squeezed against the rim. Both wheels were attached with quick-release skewers.

Not surprisingly, it wasn't inherently suited for downhill racing.

The first modification made to get it to that point was to the rear suspension.

"We were playing around with that bike and I was looking at the linkage one day," Stockton told BikeRadar. "I said, 'You know, that rear link looks like the same exact length as the shock we're using.'"

As it turned out, Stockton was right and by replacing that rigid link with a second shock, the rear travel nearly doubled from its original 4.5 inches.

That additional travel – and more importantly, the additional sag – also served to slacken the angles a bit for additional stability. A 63-tooth chainring was fitted to better suit the Kamikaze's ridiculous speeds, a fully bespoke chain guide was made out of welded steel and machined nylon, the aluminum riser bar was reinforced with a bolt-on brace, and Magura hydraulic rim brakes made the most of the available friction. While Stockton mostly raced on Mavic rims, he at times also used HED's ultra-rare deep-section carbon-and-aluminum rims laced on to Ringlé hubs, all shod with similarly rare (for the time) Michelin downhill-specific rubber.

Modern downhill gear is fully dedicated equipment while, despite the extensive modifications, Stockton's bike was still ultimately an XC rig – and like many DH machines at the time, it performed accordingly.

"It was designed to be a cross country bike," Stockton told BikeRadar. "We threw these two shocks on this thing and it laid back the angle a lot more but the head angle still wasn't slack enough. In the steep stuff – and we did have some, not like it is now, but still – it was a big problem that we dealt with."

Even the positions riders used differed massively from what would be considered typical today. Back then, the courses were much longer – some nearly fifteen minutes in duration – and there was much more pedaling involved. Stockton's handlebar is just 620mm wide, the stem is 120mm long, and the XC-length seatpost sticks way out of the frame.

"We were still looking at modifying cross country or even road positions for downhill rather than looking at it completely differently. I was totally skewed from racing on the road. We were still trying to run our seats high so we could pedal because there was a lot of pedaling on these courses."

Then there were perpetual issues with reliability. Though the courses often weren't insanely technical, there were still a lot of forces applied given the speeds.

"The equipment was road stuff that was being modified," Stockton said. "It just wasn't beefy enough. They got it to work on cross country bikes but for downhill, it wasn't there. We were blowing shocks out, blowing forks out all the time, and that was it."

Stockton's frame was even fitted with a fully custom swingarm with additional plies of carbon fiber after the original one broke.

Even though the bike was essentially a beefed-up cross country model, it still wasn't exactly light, either. As shown here, Stockton's Kestrel weighs in at 15.34kg (33.8lb) and that doesn't include the much heavier downhill inner tubes he used to use or pedals of any sort. For reference, Greg Minnaar's current Santa Cruz V10 comes in at 15.08kg (33.18lb) complete.

Despite that extra weight, Stockton recalled that riding that modified Rubicon Comp was anything was confidence inspiring at those speeds and on that terrain.

"It was sketchy but it was like, we were all doing it. I remember going off the top of Mammoth and you're going 50, 60 miles an hour. You just hung your ass off the back, kept your hand off the front brake and you just went. That was it! It was just, go for it."

'At 60 miles an hour on a really nice road bike on smooth pavement, you've got to be attentive, right? We were riding down a bunch of pumice where you're basically just floating on the marbles. It was all just kind of a controlled power slide the whole way down. As long as you kept air in the front tire, it was ok.'"

-James Huang // Bike Radar

 

BUILD SPEC

Kurt Stocktons 1995 Kestrel Rubicon Kamikaze

More from MTB Collection

More from Road Collection

Otis Guy’s 1978 Breezer Series 1 #2.81

1980 Ritchey “Pre Serial #”

1982 Breezer Series III #32

1982 Salsa Scoboni #5

1982 Sweetheart Cycles Moto Cruiser

1983 Breezer Series III #43

1983 Ritchey “Faux Lugs” Competition

1983 Cunningham Indian #29

1983 Mantis Sherpa

1984 Moots Mountaineer

1985 Ibis Custom

1985 Velocitech Mountain Machine

1985 Mountain Goat Camoflage Deluxe

1985 Salsa Ala Carte

1985 Steve Potts Limited Edition

1985 Fisher Competition

Scot Nicol’s 1986 Ibis Trials Pro

1986 Ross Signature Team

1987 WTB Team Trek

1987 Klein Pinnacle “Kleiningham”

1987 Steve Potts Signature

Hank Barlow’s 1988 Merlin Ti

1988 Mongoose Tomac Signature

1988 Cunningham Racer #22C

1988 Mountain Goat Dinoflage Deluxe

Chris Herting’s 1988 Yeti FRO

1989 Mantis XCR

1989 Otis Guy Braunstein Quay Art of the MTB

1989 Salsa Titanium Prototype Ala Carte

1989 Doug Bradbury Manitou

1990 Mountain Goat Yuppie Deluxe

1990 Mantis Valkyrie

1990 Doug Bradbury Manitou Mountain Bike

1990 Fat Chance Yo Eddy

1990 Koga-Miyata Ridgerunner Alloy

Juli Furtado’s 1990 Yeti FRO

Juli Furtado’s 1990 Yeti C-26

Juli Furtado’s 1991 Yeti ARC

1991 Doug Bradbury Manitou Mountain Bike

1991 Yeti Tree Frog #2

Greg Herbold’s Titanium Miyata

1991 Yeti Ultimate

Travis Brown’s 1991 Manitou FS

1991 Klein Dolomite Attitude

1992 Yeti Campagnolo Ultimate

1992 Specialized Epic Ultimate

Ned Overend’s 1992 Specialized M2

1992 Team Issued Slingshot

1992 Fat Chance Yo Eddy

1992 Clark-Kent Fat Bike

1992 Klein Gossamer Attitude

1993 Klein Team Storm Adroit

Tinker Juarez’s 1993 Team Storm Klein

Missy Giove’s 1993 Yeti ARC ASLT

1993 Raleigh Tomac Signature

1994 Merlin Newsboy

1994 Yeti ARC

Kurt Stockton’s 1995 Kamikazi Rubicon

Myles Rockwell’s 1998 Cannondale Fulcrum

Yeti C-26 – 20th Anniversary Special

Travis Brown’s 2000 Sydney Olympics Trek

Myles Rockwell’s 2000 Giant ATX One

Travis Brown’s 2004 Marathon Trek

Travis Brown’s 2007 Trek 69er